When Physiotherapy Is Needed?

Most people are unaware of how, when, and in which conditions physiotherapy is needed. The objective behind writing this article is to answer above all such questions about when to consult a Physiotherapist.

Let’s began with who are Physiotherapists?When Physiotherapy is needed


According to WHO,

         “Physiotherapists assess, plan and implement rehabilitative programs that improve or restore human motor functions, maximize movement ability, relieve pain syndromes, and treat or prevent physical challenges associated with injuries, diseases, and other impairments. They apply a broad range of physical therapies and techniques such as movement, ultrasound, heating, laser, and other techniques. They may develop and implement programs for screening and prevention of common physical ailments and disorders”

To summarize the definition,

         Physiotherapy is beneficial in treating as well as preventing various injuries or diseases to the body which can lead to pain or difficulty in movement using electrotherapy modalities and manual therapy.

Types /Areas of Physiotherapy in different condition:-

1)     Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

         If you are suffering from any Orthopaedic conditions like bone or muscle weakness (such as osteoporosis, osteopenia, and associated fragility fractures, traumatic fractures), joint pains  (such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis), the spinal problem such as back pain and neck pain,  frozen shoulder, tennis elbow, leg cramps, ankle sprains(twisting of an ankle), rotator cuff injury, plantar fasciitis (heel pain), ligament injury after hip or knee replacement surgeries, varicose veins, etc which are commonly seen in patients, Then you need physiotherapy treatment to get relieved from your pain and prevent deformities.

2)   Pediatric Physiotherapy

         If your child is having difficulty in sitting or standing independently, having difficulty walking, or showing delayed development in comparison to other children, or he/she is suffering from cerebral palsy, down’s syndrome, hydrocephalus, etc. Then it’s the time you consult a physiotherapist. SENSORY INTEGRATION, SENSORY RE-EDUCATION, OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL LEARNING, etc are the physiotherapy treatment useful in pediatric conditions  like AUTISTIC DISORDER, tone improvement, fine grip movements, speech development, and pre-school learning activities, etc

 3)   Neuromuscular Physiotherapy

Is anyone around you having any neurological conditions like paralysis of one side of the body i.e. left hand and left leg or right hand and right leg(stroke), complain of numbness in hand or leg (nerve-related conditions), Parkinson’s disease, difficulty in maintaining balance, feeling of giddiness while changing positions from sitting to sleep or sit to stand  (Vertigo), reduced sensation in feet(Diabetic Neuropathy), complain of difficulty in the closing of eyes and dropping of the jaw to one side ( bell’s or fascial palsy), paralysis of both legs or both hands along with legs and trunk sometimes ( spinal cord injuries), traumatic brain injuries due to road traffic accident can also lead to memory loss or paralysis, Then you must advise for physiotherapy


4)   CardioRespiratory Physiotherapy

 Physiotherapy is also helpful in Cardio-respiratory conditions like asthma, pneumonia, COVID-19, and many more. It helps to clear your lungs and removes cough by promoting clear breathing. Physiotherapists also work in ICU where it helps in preventing pressure sores and maintaining mobility in bed-ridden patients. Cardiorespiratory endurance exercises are also helpful to diabetes and blood pressure patients. Physiotherapists are also seen in NICU and PICU giving tapping, vibration, stimulation to neonates.


5)   Pre and Post Surgical Physiotherapy

         If you are undergoing any operations like hip/knee replacement or surgeries, abdominal surgeries like appendix, gall bladder removal operations, Cardiothoracic surgeries like pneumonectomy, lobectomy,by-pass surgeries, amputations, etc. REHABILITATIVE physiotherapy can be given to a differently-abled or disabled person. Then taking physiotherapy prior can help to prevent complications after surgery. Also, it is a must to take after operations for reduction of pain, restoring movement, and prevention of deformity. Sometimes by consulting a physio and taking treatment properly can avoid surgery.


6)  Female-specific Problems

         Physiotherapy plays a specific role in female related problems which generally they do not share with others. Pregnancy-related problems like back pain, nerve compression due to increased weight were taking painkillers that are contraindicated(PRENATAL PHYSIOTHERAPY). Physiotherapy is also needed during labor to stimulate contractions. Also after pregnancy(POSTNATAL PHYSIOTHERAPY), many females suffer from urine problems like difficulty in controlling urine (Incontinence), to gain proper body posture again, weakening of uterine muscles generally after menopause (prolapsed of the uterus), etc. where physiotherapy is recommended.


ERGONOMICSAny postural problems like forward head, flat back, rounded shoulders, double chin, etc. physiotherapy is needed in a correction. Physiotherapy also helps in guiding proper workplace ergonomics such as the position of chair and desk, level of computer, etc in office by showing its DO’S and DON’T’S.


8)   Sports-specific Physiotherapy

  Any sports-related injuries like while playing cricket, hockey, tennis, football, etc., or training the athletes before any sports such as warm-up, aerobics, and cool-down exercises. Gym –related injuries like muscle soreness, DOMS, trauma due to heavy weight lifting, etc. Injuries due to dance or yoga-related etc. In above mentioned all such conditions physiotherapy is needed. 



 Physiotherapy can guide in maintaining the daily activities by modifying it and sharing its DO’S and DON’T’S.




  • PAIN
  • If u are suffering from any acute or chronic pain
  • If u are having any sprains, strains, cramps, injury, nerve-related, post-operative, maternal, burns, deformity, disability, certain disease or conditions related, etc.
  • If u are suffering from simple aches or pains
  • If u are having difficulty in movement due to underlying disease or conditions, congenital disorder, post-operative deformities, or maybe result of neuro-muscular or orthopedic impairments, etc
  • From post-operative, underlying conditions or diseases or injuries
  • Related to posture, sports or biomechanics, etc.

Hope this article has been helpful for all of you to understand what Physiotherapy is and when you need a Physiotherapist.




In both the conditions or situations, we are here to help you……

If you have any queries regarding it please feel free to contact me on the below-given details.

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